Prescription drugs and Over-the-counter medications are used in relieving pain or healing ailments. However, you should be extremely careful when using these drugs for them to work effectively. Otherwise, an overdose of these drugs can end up ruining your health. It is therefore very important to stick with the doctor’s prescription.
Any misuse of drugs should always be avoided as it can harm the patient. Abuse or overdose of prescription drugs can be fatal. According to the data obtained from Centres for Diseases Control and Prevention, the number of deaths recorded from misuse of prescription drugs from 1999 to 2014 was high among the individuals aged between 25 to 54 years.
To avoid any misuse or overdose of drugs, most of the prescription medicines including, cough syrups, pain killers come with special measuring tools such as syringes, spoons, cups to ensure that the patients take a right or recommended dose. However, there is still a high probability of overdose among the individuals addicted to these drugs. Additionally, a situation can arise when we have the patient succumbing to an unintentional or accidental overdose. Described below are the effective strategies which can be adopted to avoid such cases of accidental overdose
Reading the labels
OTC and prescription drugs are administered according to the information provided on the label. The dose administered is decided by a medical doctor. The doctor should always take into account of the warnings and instructions mentioned on the label when deciding on the appropriate dose. It is important to note that different drugs or medicines have different strengths and the instructions about the dose given vary for adults, children, etc.
Know the patient’s weight
Since a particular type of medicine is used in treating the same illness or health condition in adults and children, the dose prescribed varies for each. The dose given is determined by certain factors such as weight and age of the patient. As far as children are concerned, you should be very sensitive when administering drugs to them. You should strictly follow the doctor’s instructions to avoid complications.
Be aware of “the active ingredients.”
You should always check the active ingredients of any medicine before using them to treat your medical condition. These ingredients are mentioned on the label. In case you are taking two different drugs which have the same amount of the active ingredients, then it means that you are taking twice the amount of the prescribed drugs. The doctor should always be consulted when such cases arise.